A healthy first trimester is critical to the normal growth of the fetus. You may not be exhibiting much on the exterior, but on the inside, all of the fetus’s vital organs and systems are developing.
Several changes occur as the embryo attaches itself to the uterine wall. During the first trimester, the fetus is most vulnerable to harm from substances such as alcohol, narcotics, and some medications, as well as infections such as rubella (German measles). Throughout the first trimester, both your body and your baby’s body are rapidly changing.
During the first trimester, the most dramatic changes and development occur. All nutrients are vital throughout pregnancy, but some are especially important for your baby’s growth and development.
Taking folic acid before and during early pregnancy can help avoid neural tube defects (NTDs), which are birth malformations of the brain and spine. According to some research, consuming folic acid may help prevent birth malformations in your baby’s mouth (called cleft lip and palate).
Spina bifida and anencephaly are the most common NTDs. In the United States, around 1,500 newborns are born with spina bifida each year. Spina bifida occurs when the small bones of the spine fail to close completely, and a portion of the spinal cord pokes through the spine. Children with spina bifida may have paralyzed legs and difficulty managing their bladder and intestines (going to the toilet).
One of the most severe NTDs is anencephaly. It affects approximately affecting about 1 in 1,000 pregnancies in the United States each year. However, because the majority of these pregnancies end in miscarriage, the prevalence of this disease in neonates is far lower. Anencephaly affects approximately one in every 10,000 infants in the United States. Anencephaly occurs when the upper portion of the neural tube that develops the brain does not completely seal. Major regions of the brain, skull, and scalp are missing in babies with this disease. They are usually only alive for a few hours after birth. Anencephaly affects girls three times more than boys.
Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)
Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) is an omega-3 fatty acid that promotes growth and development. DHA is required throughout pregnancy to aid in the development of your baby’s brain and eyes. DHA promotes the growth of the cerebrum, which is in charge of thinking, remembering, and feeling.
Autism and schizophrenia disproportionately afflict males and are closely linked to early life adversity caused by maternal stress and other variables, which may be influenced by nutrition. However, the fundamental causes of these male-specific effects are not fully understood. Researchers from the University of Missouri School of Medicine and the MU Thompson Centre for Autism and Neurodevelopment have discovered potential explanations for male vulnerability in the womb, and they’ve discovered that a specific maternal nutritional supplement called docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) may protect unborn males during early development from the effects of maternal stress.
Iodine is a mineral that your body needs to produce thyroid hormones, which aid in the usage and storage of energy from food. Additionally, iodine is required throughout pregnancy to aid in the development of your baby’s nervous system. Your baby’s neurological system (brain, spinal cord, and nerves) allows him or her to move, think, and feel.
During pregnancy, iodine requirements rise by 50%. A lack of iodine during pregnancy can result in maternal and fetal hypothyroidism, as well as impaired fetal neurological development. The effects are determined by the severity and timing of the hypothyroidism; the most severe symptom is cretinism.
Controlled studies in iodine-deficient areas have shown that iodine supplementation before or during early pregnancy eliminates new cases of cretinism, increases birth weight, lowers rates of perinatal and infant mortality, and improves developmental assessments in young children by 10-20%.
You’re not alone if you’ve never heard of Choline. Although it is suggested that it be included in all prenatal vitamins, most do not contain a significant quantity of Choline, if any at all. While Choline occurs naturally in foods such as cow liver and whole eggs, up to 95% of pregnant women do not consume enough prenatal Choline to meet their nutritional needs.
Choline is a “vitamin-like” important ingredient, which means that while it is not a vitamin, it functions similarly to one. Choline is necessary for optimal bodily function and is especially vital during pregnancy to support the adequate intake of Omega-3 DHA, general baby growth, and the mother’s personal health and wellness.
Furthermore, Choline prevents birth abnormalities. According to research, the lowest incidence of neural tube abnormalities is directly tied to the mother’s choline status during pregnancy.
Choline acts against factors that cause pregnancy problems preventing a variety of pregnancy complications, including low birth weight, pre-eclampsia, placental abruption, and recurrent pregnancy loss.
Furthermore, choline decreases the baby’s stress response, helps increase childhood visual memory, and improves motor performance in tasks that require accuracy. Additionally, prenatal choline supplementation enhances a child’s attention span.
You’re effectively working overtime to build a human being, thus a good, balanced diet is vital to compensate for this extra energy expenditure. Appropriate supplementation is essential to guarantee you’re meeting your higher prenatal vitamin demands.
Supplementation varies based on the particular woman, and it is strongly advised that all supplements be pre-approved by your doctor or medical expert.
New Study Reveals Majority of UK’s Young People Unaware of Careers Advice on Offer
3rd July 2023, London, United Kingdom:
- A new study from Youth Group finds three fifths (63%) of 18–25-year-olds are unaware of the current career advice available to them.
- Just under half (48%) feel they are limited when it came to accessing vital career guidance.
- Findings revealed to coincide with the anticipated launch of Season 3 of ‘My Duvet Flip: The careers show for young people’ fronted by UK’s Chief Youth Officer Jack Parsons.
- The latest season of My Duvet Flip is backed by returning Season Two partners Aviva & EY, who are now joined leading UK jobs platform Totaljobs.
- Season 3 is available to watch on LinkedIn, Youth Space, TikTok, and YouTube, starting from July 1, 2023.
Youth Group, the nation’s leading youth employment company with over 1.7 million members, have published new figures underlining the extent to which young people are being left without the necessary access support and guidance needed to successfully start their careers and navigate the UK’s turbulent job market.
Figures released by Youth Group reveal a clear gap between the guidance currently provided and the needs of young job seekers. The majority of young people (16–24-year-olds) are simply unaware of the available career advice resources on offer. A further 48% also found that when trying to access these resources they have felt restricted in terms of the advice they were able to access.
It is response to clear gap in careers guidance that ‘My Duvet Flip: The Careers Show for Young People’ is returns this July for its highly anticipated third season.
Backed by returning Season 2 partners Aviva & EY, season three also introduces a brand new partnership with leading UK recruitment solutions provider Totaljobs, part of global digital recruitment platform, The StepStone Group.
Totaljobs is well-aware of the considerable challenges being faced by young people in the UK. Their own report in the nation’s future talent, released in October 2022 found that half (48%) of 16-18 year olds in the UK believed they were receiving a lack of career advice at school.
Totaljobs has over 20 years’ experience helping individuals find the best job that suits their life circumstances. Whether it’s the first step in their career or a job to cover their expenses, together, this partnership seeks the best guest line-ups, whilst providing educational and job advice to instil confidence in young people across the UK to achieve their employment goals.
By joining forces with ‘My Duvet Flip‘ Totaljobs aims to empower and inspire the youth of the UK. Season Three, presented UK’s Chief Youth Officer, Jack Parsons will continue to engage in up-front, candid conversations with global business leaders, entrepreneurs, and politicians. The show explores their career journeys and seeks to extract valuable tips and advice for viewers from their own experiences. The series also offers insights into what motivates these leaders to succeed and what inspires them to start their day with a positive mindset.
Season Two saw an incredible line-up of guests, such as UK Prime Minister Rishi Sunak, Debbie Hewitt, FA Chairman, Sebastian Dettmers, Chief Executive Officer, of The Stepstone Group, and President of Google Europe; Matt Brittin.
The second season of ‘My Duvet Flip’ attracted an impressive 9 million views and generated over eight times more engagements compared to the previous season.
Jack Parsons, CEO of Youth Group and the UK’s Chief Youth Officer says:
“I’m excited to present the third season of ‘My Duvet Flip’ and share the motivational and honest conversations I’ve had the privilege to experience with some of Britain’s most successful business leaders, including Sebastian from The Stepstone Group,” shared Parsons. “The podcast is all about supporting the millions of young people across the UK and empowering them to achieve their goals.”
Sebastian Dettmers, Chief Executive Officer of The Stephone Group said:
“I am proud that Totaljobs will now be a partner of ‘The Duvet Flip’ for the 3rd season. Earlier this year, I guested on ‘My Duvet Flip’ and met Jack in person and was very excited by his mission: to be an inspiration and support to young people in the world of work. This fits very well with what we do at The Stepstone Group and at Totaljobs where we help to help find the right job for everyone.”
Jack Parsons, has already earned multiple accolades, including being recognised as LinkedIn’s ‘Top Voice for Young People’ and ‘Top 15 Young Entrepreneurs to Watch,’ hopes that the second season of ‘My Duvet Flip’ will inspire young individuals across the UK to realize and fulfil their potential.
Notes to Editors:
Survey conducted by Youth Group between February to April 2023. The total survey sample was 15,847 young people between the ages of 18-25.
Brayan Jimenez talks about Maximizing Business Growth: Unleashing the Power of a Strategic Financial Controller in Fintech and Business Improvement
In the fast-paced world of business and fintech, organizations face unique challenges that demand a strategic approach to financial management and operational enhancement. A skilled and experienced strategic financial controller proficient in implementing Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) systems and optimizing processes is the catalyst for unlocking growth potential and mitigating risks.
This article delves into the significance of having a strategic financial controller, the risks associated with neglecting one, and the exceptional value they bring to businesses in the fintech sector.
What is a Strategic Financial Controller?
A strategic financial controller is a highly skilled professional who plays a crucial role in managing an organization’s financial operations and driving its financial success. They possess a deep understanding of financial management, accounting principles, and business analytics, allowing them to provide strategic insights and guidance. Unlike traditional financial controllers, they take a proactive and forward-thinking approach, aligning financial strategies with the organization’s overall objectives.
They work closely with key stakeholders to develop and execute financial plans, optimize profitability, and mitigate risks. A strategic financial controller also excels in identifying opportunities for operational improvement, implementing efficient processes, and ensuring compliance with regulatory requirements.
Their expertise in ERP systems and data analysis enables them to provide accurate financial insights for informed decision-making. Overall, a strategic financial controller is an invaluable asset in driving financial stability, growth, and long-term success for businesses.
The Value a Strategic Financial Controller Brings to Businesses
A strategic financial controller brings immense value to fintech businesses, mitigating risks and driving growth through their expertise in various key areas.
- Financial Strategy and Planning: A strategic financial controller aligns financial strategies with business objectives, providing guidance on capital allocation, funding strategies, and financial forecasting. This ensures businesses are well-positioned for growth and financial stability.
- Operational Efficiency: By implementing ERP systems and optimizing business processes, a strategic financial controller enhances operational efficiency, minimizes costs, and maximizes resource allocation. This leads to improved productivity, reduced inefficiencies, and increased profitability.
- Risk Management and Compliance: In the fintech sector, compliance with regulatory requirements is paramount. A strategic financial controller helps navigate complex regulations, ensuring compliance and mitigating legal and reputational risks. They also establish robust risk management frameworks, safeguarding against potential threats and strengthening data security measures.
- Data-Driven Decision Making: A strategic financial controller has extensive knowledge of financial management and data analysis. They empower executives to make informed decisions, spot market trends, and spur innovation by converting complex financial data into usable insights. This gives companies a competitive edge and encourages long-term growth.
The Risks of Ignoring the Role of a Strategic Financial Controller
Failure to employ a strategic financial controller exposes businesses in the fintech sector to numerous difficulties and risks. Without their expertise, organizations may encounter:
- Inefficient Financial Operations: Inadequate streamlining of financial processes leads to errors, delays, and subpar financial reporting, hampering decision-making and compliance efforts.
- Regulatory Non-Compliance: The highly regulated fintech landscape requires meticulous adherence to complex regulatory requirements. Without a strategic financial controller’s guidance, organizations may struggle to navigate these regulations, resulting in legal and reputational risks.
- Inadequate Risk Management: Fintech companies handle sensitive financial data and are prone to cybersecurity threats. The absence of a strategic financial controller increases vulnerability to data breaches and financial fraud.
- Missed Growth Opportunities: Absence of a dedicated professional overseeing financial strategies may result in missed growth opportunities, failure to optimize revenue streams, and suboptimal investment decisions.
In the ever-evolving world of business and fintech, the role of a strategic financial controller is pivotal. Neglecting to employ one exposes businesses to inefficiencies, compliance risks, and missed growth opportunities. However, by harnessing the expertise of a strategic financial controller in ERP systems, financial management, and operational enhancement, fintech organizations can thrive, outpace their competitors, and achieve sustainable growth. Investing in a strategic financial controller is a strategic decision that ensures financial stability, streamlines operations, and propels businesses towards unprecedented success.
Breast Cancer: Facts, Symptoms, Prevention and Latest Research
Breast cancer is one of the most common cancers that affect women worldwide. While significant progress has been made in early detection and treatment options, it remains a serious health concern with potential life-altering consequences. This article provides an overview of breast cancer facts and statistics, symptoms to look out for, ways to lower risk factors, screening methods available for early detection, and the latest research developments in finding better prevention measures and treatments.
Facts and Statistics
Breast cancer is the most common cancer globally, accounting for 12.5% of all new annual cancer cases worldwide. In the U.S., an estimated 287,850 new cases of invasive breast cancer and 51,400 new cases of non-invasive (in situ) breast cancer are expected to be diagnosed in women in 2022. About 13% of U.S. women will develop invasive breast cancer during their lifetime.
The risk factors for developing breast cancer include being a woman and getting older; however, some genetic mutations can also contribute to its development. While about 85% of breast cancers occur in women with no family history of the disease, Ashkenazi Jewish women have a higher risk due to a higher rate of BRCA mutations.
Breast cancer death rates have been decreasing since 1989 due to treatment advances and earlier detection through screening; however, persistent disparities exist among different racial or ethnic groups. Black women are more likely than any other group to die from breast cancer due partially to high rates of triple-negative breast cancer diagnosis.
What Are the Symptoms of Breast Cancer?
Breast cancer symptoms can vary from person to person, and some individuals may not experience any signs or symptoms at all. However, there are warning signs that people should be aware of.
These include the appearance of a new lump in the breast or underarm, thickening or swelling of part of the breast, irritation or dimpling of breast skin, redness or flaky skin in the nipple area or on the breast, pulling in of the nipple or pain in this area, nipple discharge other than milk (including blood), and any change in size/shape/pain experienced within any portion(s) of your breasts.
It’s important to note that these symptoms can also occur due to non-cancerous conditions; thus it is recommended for an individual with such concerns to seek advice from their healthcare provider as soon as possible so they can determine if further testing is needed.
Ways to Lower the Risk of Breast Cancer
There is no guaranteed way to prevent breast cancer, but there are steps that can be taken which may help to reduce the risk. Some risk factors are beyond an individual’s control, such as age and gender; however, other factors like body weight and alcohol consumption can be modified.
For all women, maintaining a healthy weight throughout life by balancing food intake with physical activity is crucial in reducing the risk of developing breast cancer after menopause. Regular moderate-to-vigorous physical activity for at least 150-300 minutes per week (or any combination of these) is also recommended.
Alcohol should either be avoided or limited to one drink per day at most since even small amounts have been linked with an increase in breast cancer risk.
Breastfeeding for several months after childbirth might also lower the chances of developing breast cancer while using hormone therapy after menopause can increase the risk. In case hormonal treatment options are required post-menopause, non-hormonal options should be discussed with healthcare providers.
For women who are known to have an increased risk of developing breast cancer due to certain genetic mutations or family history etc., medical interventions like genetic counseling/testing and prescription medicines like tamoxifen and raloxifene could help lower their chances of getting it. Preventive surgery or close observation for early signs of this disease could also be considered based on individualized assessments made by healthcare professionals.
Screening for Breast Cancer
Breast cancer screening is used to detect the disease before symptoms appear. Tests like mammography, ultrasound, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can be used for screening. The primary goals of breast cancer screening are early detection and reduction or elimination of deaths from the disease. Mammography is currently considered to be the best tool available for breast cancer screening as it has been shown to reduce fatalities resulting from this type of cancer.
While digital mammography may be more effective at identifying cancers in dense breasts, 3D mammograms may improve sensitivity even further by reducing false-positive results that lead to additional testing and anxiety. However, overdiagnosis remains a potential issue with this method.
Other tests such as ultrasounds and MRIs are not routinely recommended unless there is a high risk of developing breast cancer due to genetic mutations or other factors.
The frequency and type of breast cancer screenings recommended depend on individual risk factors, age, health status, etc., so it’s important to discuss options with your doctor. Different organizations have varying recommendations regarding when women should start getting screened for breast cancer as well as how often they should receive these tests.
It’s worth noting that while clinical breast examinations (CBEs) are included in some guidelines along with mammography, others do not recommend them for women who are not at an increased risk of developing breast cancer. Breast self-examination is also not proven to lower mortality rates but can help people become familiar with their bodies in order to better identify changes that could indicate a problem.
Latest Research on Breast Cancer
Researchers are studying various aspects of early-stage and locally advanced breast cancer to find ways to prevent the disease, provide better care, and improve treatments. This includes identifying causes such as environmental factors, lifestyle choices, and endocrine disruptors. Additionally, they are developing new methods for evaluating genes and proteins in order to determine the best treatment options for each individual patient.
Other areas of research include finding more effective ways to prevent breast cancer or detect it at an earlier stage; determining whether ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) should always be treated with surgery; identifying which molecular subtypes of cancer require chemotherapy; testing new drug therapies for different types of breast cancer; exploring approaches like targeted radiation therapy schedules and reconstructive surgery techniques; improving hormonal therapies for ER-positive breast cancer patients; managing symptoms associated with treatments that affect the quality of life.
In conclusion, breast cancer is a serious disease that affects many women worldwide. While there are steps to reduce risk factors and early detection through screening, ongoing research is necessary to improve treatment options and overall outcomes for patients. Recommendations include maintaining a healthy lifestyle, regular screenings based on individualized assessments by healthcare professionals, and staying informed about the latest research developments in breast cancer. It’s important for individuals to discuss any concerns or questions with their doctor and follow recommended guidelines for prevention and care.
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